Consonant Clusters

Lesson Summary:

The lesson introduces the children to initial consonant clusters, or blends. The discussion may be read by the children or by the teacher with the children following in their own copy of the reading, depending upon their reading skills.    Activity A asks the children to match words which have the same initial consonant cluster and Activity B requires them to use the words in sentences and then read out their sentences, giving them the opportunity to practice pronouncing the consonant clusters.


  • The children will be able to identify, read and spell words with initial consonant clusters.
  • The children will be able to match words with the same initial consonant clusters.

Subject Area:

Language Arts

Lesson Excerpt:

You know the difference between vowels and consonants don’t you? A,E,I,O and U (and sometimes Y) are vowels, all the rest are consonants.  Today we are going to talk about consonant clusters or consonant blends.

A consonant cluster is a group of consonants in a word which don’t have any vowels between them.  For example, the word spray has a consonant cluster – can you see it? Yes the letters s, p and r are all consonants and they follow each other without any vowels getting in between.

When you read a word which has a consonant cluster you need to pronounce each of the consonants separately.  In a word like chat, although c and h are both consonants they make one sound.

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