The Great Depression

Lesson Summary:

A lesson on the impact of World War I and other factors on the Great Depression. The reading is accompanied by true/false questions.


To introduce students to the factors behind the Great Depression of the 1930s.

Subject Area:

U.S. History: Great Depression
U.S. History: Stock Market Crash of 1929
U.S. History: Roaring Twenties
U.S. History: New Deal
World History: World War I

Lesson Excerpt:

Historians mark the beginning of the Great Depression that occurred in the 1930s in the United States, Europe and the rest of the world when the United States stock market crashed on October 29, 1929. However, economies don’t suddenly collapse without longstanding precipitating factors.

The Impact of World War I

The United States was one of the world powers that participated in World War I, a major military conflict that was fought on the European continent from 1914 until 1918. The aggressors in World War I were called the Central Powers; these were the German Empire, the Ottoman Empire, the Kingdom of Bulgaria, and the Austro-Hungarian Empire. If these names are unfamiliar it is because the map of Europe changed during the Twentieth Century as a result of World War I and World War II. Opposing the Central Powers in World War I were the Allies, which included the Entente Powers: United Kingdom, France, and the Russian Empire. Other European countries joined with the Entente Powers against the Central Powers, creating conflict throughout Europe. The United States declared war on Germany on April 6, 1917 as a separate conflict and did not formally join the Allies.

Leave a Comment