Soft Sounds

Lesson Summary:

The lesson introduces the children to the soft and hard sounds of the letters C and G and provides them with the general rule for the use of soft sounds. The discussion may be used as a resource for the teacher or as a reading for the children.  Activity A is a competitive brainstorming activity which requires the children to identify as many words containing the soft form of either letter as they can within a given period of time.  Activity  B requires them to identify the words which contain the soft form of the letters in a fun activity.


  • The children will understand that the letters C and G can each be sounded in two different ways.
  • The children will understand and be able to explain the general rule for using the soft and hard versions of the letters.
  • The children will be able to identify words containing the soft form of the letters.

Subject Area:

Language Arts

Lesson Excerpt:

Most individual consonants are quite easy to sound out phonetically – it is usually only when you put them together in a digraph, like gh, ph, or sh that their sounds change.  However, there are two single consonants which each represent two very different sounds. They are C and G.

For example, look at call and cell.  In call the C is pronounced like a K – it is a hard sound.  In cell the C is pronounced like an S – it is a soft sound.  The same thing happens with a G.  In some words, such as giant, G is a soft sound, pronounced like a J, while in others it is hard, like the G in pig and gum.  Some words even have both soft and hard sounds for the same letter, for example, bicycle and garage.

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